The main cause of orofacial pain is disorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and occlusion problems that provoke overstarined jaw musculature.

What is the temporomandibular joint?

The TMJ is the system that connects our jaw to the skull and enables the jaw to perform all its movements, such as opening and closing the mouth.

What are the symptoms of TMJ dysfunction?

The most common symptoms of TMJ dysfunction are limited opening; noise when we open or close our mouth; and pain in the ears, neck, back; or frequent headaches.

This pathology is one of the most frequent and at the same time unknown problems which affect both buccofacial health and mood. Stress, anxiety or malocclusion are the causes that most influence its development.

Other common diseases among those of the oral cavity, which are not dental problems per se, are occlusion and bruxism.

What is occlusion?

By occlusion we refer to the alignment of teeth and the way in which the upper teeth engage with the lower ones, i.e. the bite. Any mismatch in the way in which we bite can cause problems in the joint.

What is bruxism?

Also very frequent is when we press or grind our teeth in excess, which is known as bruxism. This leads us to wear down the teeth as well as causing muscle aches and headaches. This tension in our jaw is usually related to stress and often goes unnoticed or misdiagnosed, becoming a chronic pain that can greatly affect quality of life.

What solution do these disorders have?

In Ortiz-Vigón Clinic we have specialists in occlusion and TMJ who are responsible for improving the contact between the teeth for correct function to improve aesthetics and treat disorders of the jaw joint and jaw muscles.  We have joined forces with CIO Salud Clinic, located in central Bilbao, and their experts on dermatology, physiotherapy and otorhinolaryngology to offer our patients a comprehensive solution to their pathologies through our ATM Unit.